Buildings should be grounded with proper Grounding Devices to protect them against lightning. These Residential Grounding Devices dissipate lightning energy safely into the ground. Residential Grounding Devices are intended to reduce the possibility of ground voltage increases resulting in injuries to people and animals as well as equipment and property damage.
Electrical energy (from above-grade networks) can be safely transferred to the surrounding native soil (earth) using Residential Grounding Devices. Lightning and surge protection devices work by dispersing voltage spikes and surges to a safe ground plane, such as the ground or copper pipes inside a building, rather than directly reaching the electrical components they are protecting.
Earthing and grounding are two very different concepts: earthing is the act of connecting the circuit directly to the Earth. The opposite of Ground, where the circuit has zero potential no matter whether it is connected to ground or not.
Lightning can sometimes strike plumbing, resulting in the same results as a lightning strike on a building, which is fire, because a poor ground connection can sometimes lead to disaster as lightning can sometimes find other ways to reach the ground. It is not recommended to ground such a system simply.
Lightning protection systems can safely allow thunderstorm current to reach the ground when they intercept this voltage. However, they provide a direct pathway to the ground, meaning that lightning will not cause fires, explosions, or electric surges. Despite not reducing the risk of lightning striking your home, they do provide a direct path to the ground.
Electrically conductive paths to ground can be found in most houses, but there are some exceptions, such as camping/fishing cabins. In that case, you cannot influence the direction in which lightning travels.